04. Scope Management

This knowledge area is a logical group of processes to help you understand requirements, define, break down, and control the scope of the project, and to verify that the product was
correctly. In short, this is the work needed to successfully complete the project or product, and only that work.

Scope can refer to a project or a product. 

Project Scope: Everything in the entire project plan

Product Scope: Everything that must be completed to meet product requirements.


The project manager should always be in control of the scope through careful definition and management of the processes.

Changes to the scope should be handled in a structured and controlled manner.

The overall goal is to define the need, to set stakeholder expectations, to deliver to the expectations, to manage changes, and to minimize surprises so that the product will ultimately gain approval.

By going above and beyond, you introduce gold plating, which increases risk, uncertainty, and may add potential problems.

Six Processes in Scope

Process Group Scope Management Process
Initiating None
Planning Plan Scope Management, Collect Requirements, Define Scope, Create WBS
Executing None
Monitoring & Controlling Validate Scope, Control Scope
Closing None

Key Outputs

Processes Key Output
Plan Scope Management Scope Management Plan, Requirements Management Plan
Collect Requirements Requirements Documentation, Requirements Traceability Matrix
Define Scope Project Scope Statement
Create WBS Scope Baseline
Validate Scope Accepted Deliverables
Control Scope (Scope) Change Requests, Work Performance Information