02. Process Framework

The single largest undertaking of the PMP framework is understanding how all 1,400 inputs, tools & techniques, and outputs are ordered and used.

Before reading further, it is important to refresh on the difference between Processes, Inputs, Tools & Techniques, and Outputs

  • Process: Using the ingredients (inputs, tools & techniques, and outputs) to provide a necessity or value to the project, i.e. Project Plan, Schedule, Risk management document, etc.
  • Inputs: The first ingredient. A starting point, or raw material, used in a process.
  • Tools & Techniques: The method to turn an Input into an Output.
  • Outputs: The end result of the process. Usually a deliverable or something to be used in another process.

Two terms that need to be committed to memory are:

Knowledge Area

10 project themes or fields that are typically undertaken during a project. Each area has distinct processes, tools, concepts, and outputs.

  • Integration Management
  • Scope Management
  • Schedule Management
  • Cost Management
  • Quality Management
  • Resource Management
  • Communication Management
  • Risk Management
  • Procurement Management
  • Stakeholder Management

Process Group

Five categories that contain the 49 processes, which describe the type of activity the process is performing.

  • Initiating
  • Planning
  • Executing
  • Monitoring & Controlling
  • Closing

To understand the relationship of the process groups, here’s a graph that shows the relationship of each group with relevant verbs. Notice that there is overlap between the groups.

Process groups are not the same as the project phases. Project phases can contain any number of the 49 processes and they could be done multiple times in each phase.